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Art History: Impressionism: (1865 - 1885)

The history of modern art begins with Impressionism, a movement founded in Paris as an opposition to the rigid traditions favored by institutions such as the Academie des Beaux-Arts. In 1863, Edouard Manet exhibited his painting "Dejeuner sur líherbe" at the Salon des Refuses. The painting caused commotion, thus founding the Impressionist movement. Although Manet is the proclaimed leader and founder of the group, he was not present at the first group exhibition or any of the other eight collective Impressionist shows. The movement gained more attention in April of 1874 when a group of artists called Societe Anonyme des Artistes, Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs began exhibiting outside of the official Salon. The same year, the term Impressionism was coined by criticizing journalist Louis Leroy, who worked for the magazine, Le Charivari.

The Impressionist style of painting emphasized loose imagery rather than finely delineated pictures. The artists of the movement worked mostly outdoors and strived to capture the variations of light at differing times throughout the day. Their color palettes were colorful and they rarely used blacks or grays. Subject matter was most often landscape or scenes from daily life. Impressionists were interested in the use of color, tone, and texture in order to objectively record nature. They emphasized sunlight, shadows, and direct and reflected light. In order to produce vibrant colors, they applied short brush strokes of contrasting colors to the canvas, rather than mixing hues on a palette.

Many critics found Impressionist work seemingly incomplete. Post-Impressionism emerged in the 1880ís, which adopted Impressionismís use of contrasting colors but found other aspects of the movement to be too restricting. Another offshoot of the movement was Neo-Impressionism.

Artists: (biography & artworks)

Abdy, Rowena Meeks - 1887 - 1945
Adams, John Ottis - 1851 - 1927
Bazille, Frederic - 1841 - 1870
Boudin, Eugene - 1824 - 1898
Caillebotte, Gustave - 1848 - 1894
Cassatt, Mary - 1845 - 1926
Chase, William Merritt - 1849 - 1916
Degas, Edgar - 1834 - 1917
Guillaumin, Armand - 1841 - 1927
Hassam, Childe - 1859 - 1935
Lawson, Ernest - 1873 - 1939
Liebermann, Max - 1847 - 1935
MacColl, Dugald Sutherland - 1859 - 1948
Manet, Edouard - 1832 - 1883
Manzu, Giacomo - 1908 - 1991
Monet, Claude - 1840 - 1926
Morisot, Berthe - 1841 - 1895
Pissarro, Camille - 1830 - 1903
Renoir, Pierre Auguste - 1841 - 1919
Roberts, Tom - 1856 - 1931
Rosso, Medardo - 1858 - 1928
Saint-Gardens, Augustus - 1848 - 1907
Sargent, John Singer - 1856 - 1925
Sickert, Walter Richard - 1860 - 1942
Sisley, Alfred - 1839 - 1899
Slevogt, Max - 1868 - 1932
Utrillo, Maurice - 1883 - 1955
Walker, Dame Ethel - 1861 - 1951
Abdy, Rowena Meeks - 1887 - 1945
Adams, John Ottis - 1851 - 1927
Bazille, Frederic - 1841 - 1870
Boudin, Eugene - 1824 - 1898
Caillebotte, Gustave - 1848 - 1894
Cassatt, Mary - 1845 - 1926
Chase, William Merritt - 1849 - 1916
Degas, Edgar - 1834 - 1917
Guillaumin, Armand - 1841 - 1927
Hassam, Childe - 1859 - 1935
Lawson, Ernest - 1873 - 1939
Liebermann, Max - 1847 - 1935
MacColl, Dugald Sutherland - 1859 - 1948
Manet, Edouard - 1832 - 1883
Manzu, Giacomo - 1908 - 1991
Monet, Claude - 1840 - 1926
Morisot, Berthe - 1841 - 1895
Pissarro, Camille - 1830 - 1903
Renoir, Pierre Auguste - 1841 - 1919
Roberts, Tom - 1856 - 1931
Rosso, Medardo - 1858 - 1928
Saint-Gardens, Augustus - 1848 - 1907
Sargent, John Singer - 1856 - 1925
Sickert, Walter Richard - 1860 - 1942
Sisley, Alfred - 1839 - 1899
Slevogt, Max - 1868 - 1932
Utrillo, Maurice - 1883 - 1955
Walker, Dame Ethel - 1861 - 1951

 

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Last updated and verified on: Tue 22 Sep 2009 11:29:17 AM EDT

 

 

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